“Then Jesus lifted up His eyes, and seeing a great multitude coming toward Him, He said to Philip, “Where shall we buy bread, that these may eat?” But this He said to test him, for He Himself knew what He would do. Philip answered Him, “Two hundred denarii worth of bread is not sufficient for them, that every one of them may have a little.”
“One of His disciples, Andrew, Simon Peter’s brother, said to Him, “There is a lad here who has five barley loaves and two small fish, but what are they among so many?” Then Jesus said, “Make the people sit down.” Now there was much grass in the place. So the men sat down, in number about five thousand. ”
“And Jesus took the loaves, and when He had given thanks He distributed them to the disciples, and the disciples to those sitting down; and likewise of the fish, as much as they wanted. So when they were filled, He said to His disciples, “Gather up the fragments that remain, so that nothing is lost.”
“Therefore they gathered them up, and filled twelve baskets with the fragments of the five barley loaves which were left over by those who had eaten. Then those men, when they had seen the sign that Jesus did, said, “This is truly the Prophet who is to come into the world.”
He saith unto Philip; Jesus directed His question to him particularly, because he was of Bethsaida, which is close to where they were and therefore he might best know where they could buy bread.
And this He said to prove him … Or test his faith, and not only his but the rest of the disciples too.
For He himself knew what He would do; Christ had determined to work a miracle, and feed the large number of people that were with Him, with that small provision they had among them; and being God omniscient, Jesus knew that He was able to do it, and that He was determined to do it, and it would be done; but Jesus was willing first to try the faith of His apostles.
Two hundred pennyworth of bread is not sufficient for them. Two hundred pence or “Roman denarii”, which may be meant here, would buy enough bread for two thousand men; but here were three thousand more, besides women and children, who could not have been provided for with this amount of money.
There is a lad here … Who either was employed to carry their provisions for them or rather he came there to sell what he had.
So the men sat down, in number about five thousand; besides women and children, Matthew 14:21.
… and when Jesus had given thanks; for them, and blessed them, or implored a blessing on them, that they might be nourishing to the bodies of men, as was His usual manner, and which is an example to us.
When they were filled … Had not only eaten, but had made a full meal, and were thoroughly satisfied, having eaten as much as they could, or chose to eat.
That nothing be lost; this He said, partly so that the truth, reality, and greatness of the miracle might be clearly discerned; and partly to teach frugality, that in the midst of abundance, care be taken that nothing be lost of the good things which God gives; and which may be useful to other persons or at another time.
… and filled twelve baskets; every disciple had a basket filled with the fragments of the five barley loaves; and it may be of the fishes also:
which remained over and above unto them that had eaten; such a marvelous increase was there, through the power of Christ going along with them; insomuch that they multiplied to such a degree, either in the hands of the distributors, or of the eaters.
That Prophet … The Messiah. The power to perform this miracle and the benevolence manifested in it, showed that Jesus was the long-expected Messiah.